Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Updated: 16 min 59 sec ago

Stimulating the brain without surgery in the management of chronic pain in adults

Fri, 05/25/2018 - 09:52

The Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group has been producing Cochrane Reviews for more than 20 years, including dozens covering a wide range of therapies for pain. In April 2018, their review of brain stimulation for chronic pain was updated and lead author Neil E O'Connell from Brunel University London in the UK tells us about the latest evidence in this podcast.

Closed-system drug-transfer devices for reducing exposure to infusional hazardous medicines in healthcare staff

Fri, 05/11/2018 - 20:47

The Cochrane Work Group has produced many reviews relevant to occupational health and some of these relate directly to the health of healthcare workers. In March 2018, they published a new review doing just that, examining the evidence on the handling of medicines that might be dangerous to staff. Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, from UCL Medical School in London England, tells us what they found.

How effective are pelvic floor muscle exercises undertaken during pregnancy or after birth for preventing or treating incontinence?

Fri, 05/11/2018 - 19:22

Many women suffer from incontinence during or after pregnancy, and pelvic muscle exercises are one way to help. In an updated Cochrane Review in December 2017, Stephanie Woodley and Jean Hay-Smith from the University of Otago in New Zealand, and colleagues present the evidence from nearly 40 trials; and they tell us the findings in this podcast.

Closed-system drug-transfer devices for reducing exposure to infusional hazardous medicines in healthcare staff

Fri, 05/11/2018 - 14:47

The Cochrane Work Group has produced many reviews relevant to occupational health and some of these relate directly to the health of healthcare workers. In March 2018, they published a new review doing just that, examining the evidence on the handling of medicines that might be dangerous to staff. Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, from UCL Medical School in London England, tells us what they found.

How effective are pelvic floor muscle exercises undertaken during pregnancy or after birth for preventing or treating incontinence?

Fri, 05/11/2018 - 13:22

Many women suffer from incontinence during or after pregnancy, and pelvic muscle exercises are one way to help. In an updated Cochrane Review in December 2017, Stephanie Woodley and Jean Hay-Smith from the University of Otago in New Zealand, and colleagues present the evidence from nearly 40 trials; and they tell us the findings in this podcast.

Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors for fibromyalgia

Mon, 04/30/2018 - 15:13

The Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group is producing a series of reviews on drugs for the treatment of people with fibromyalgia. One of these, published in March 2018, examines the effects of a class of antidepressants called serotonine noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors. In this podcast, one of the co-authors, Brian Walitt, from the National Institute of Nursing Research in the USA, describes the findings.

Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors for fibromyalgia

Mon, 04/30/2018 - 09:13

The Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group is producing a series of reviews on drugs for the treatment of people with fibromyalgia. One of these, published in March 2018, examines the effects of a class of antidepressants called serotonine noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors. In this podcast, one of the co-authors, Brian Walitt, from the National Institute of Nursing Research in the USA, describes the findings.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults

Tue, 04/10/2018 - 16:08

The Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group covers a wide range of topics relevant to the mental health of both adults and children in the more than 140 Cochrane Reviews it has produced to date. In March 2018, it added to these with a new review of cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults. We asked one of the authors, Pablo Lopez from INECO Foundation and Favaloro University in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to tell us more in this podcast.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults

Tue, 04/10/2018 - 10:08

The Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group covers a wide range of topics relevant to the mental health of both adults and children in the more than 140 Cochrane Reviews it has produced to date. In March 2018, it added to these with a new review of cognitive-behavioural interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults. We asked one of the authors, Pablo Lopez from INECO Foundation and Favaloro University in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to tell us more in this podcast.

Accuracy of different non-invasive methods for identifying Helicobacter pylori

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 20:58

Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy reviews bring together the evidence that should help practitioners to choose the most appropriate way to diagnose an illness or condition. This is now the case for the stomach bug, Helicobacter pylori, and we asked Lawrence Best from the UCL Medical School in London England to tell us about the findings of this March 2018 review.

Interventions to increase attendance for diabetic retinopathy screening

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 17:39

As well as the problems with blood sugar control that are caused by diabetes, the condition can lead to a variety of other problems. One of these is an eye problem called diabetic retinopathy and it’s important that people with diabetes are checked for this. A January 2018 Cochrane Review looks at how to increase attendance at these screening visits and lead author, John Lawrenson from the City University of London in the UK, tells us more in this podcast.

Accuracy of different non-invasive methods for identifying Helicobacter pylori

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 14:58

Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy reviews bring together the evidence that should help practitioners to choose the most appropriate way to diagnose an illness or condition. This is now the case for the stomach bug, Helicobacter pylori, and we asked Lawrence Best from the UCL Medical School in London England to tell us about the findings of this March 2018 review.

Interventions to increase attendance for diabetic retinopathy screening

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:39

As well as the problems with blood sugar control that are caused by diabetes, the condition can lead to a variety of other problems. One of these is an eye problem called diabetic retinopathy and it’s important that people with diabetes are checked for this. A January 2018 Cochrane Review looks at how to increase attendance at these screening visits and lead author, John Lawrenson from the City University of London in the UK, tells us more in this podcast.

Niacin for people with or without established cardiovascular disease

Tue, 03/20/2018 - 15:12

Heart attack and stroke are the most common causes of death, illness, disability and reduced quality of life in industrialised countries, and several Cochrane Reviews look at ways to prevent these cardiovascular events. A new review from June 2017 looks at the evidence for a B-vitamin called niacin. One of the reviews' authors, Matthias Briel from Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Switzerland, outlines the findings in this podcast.

Niacin for people with or without established cardiovascular disease

Tue, 03/20/2018 - 10:12

Heart attack and stroke are the most common causes of death, illness, disability and reduced quality of life in industrialised countries, and several Cochrane Reviews look at ways to prevent these cardiovascular events. A new review from June 2017 looks at the evidence for a B-vitamin called niacin. One of the reviews' authors, Matthias Briel from Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics in Switzerland, outlines the findings in this podcast.

Are there any smoking cessation programmes that can help adolescents to stop smoking?

Wed, 03/14/2018 - 19:52

The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group has produced dozens of reviews of the effects of a wide variety of interventions to help smokers quit. The reviews are updated periodically to incorporate new evidence and the second update of the review focusing on interventions for young people was published in November 2017. Lead author, Tom Fanshawe from the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences in the University of Oxford in the UK bring us up to date with the findings.

Are there any smoking cessation programmes that can help adolescents to stop smoking?

Wed, 03/14/2018 - 14:52

The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group has produced dozens of reviews of the effects of a wide variety of interventions to help smokers quit. The reviews are updated periodically to incorporate new evidence and the second update of the review focusing on interventions for young people was published in November 2017. Lead author, Tom Fanshawe from the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences in the University of Oxford in the UK bring us up to date with the findings.

Does personalised advice via computer or mobile devices reduce heavy drinking?

Fri, 03/09/2018 - 01:05

The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group has produced several reviews of the effects of interventions intended to reduce heavy drinking. The collection was extended in September 2017 with an investigation of the use a computer to provide personalised advice. We asked one of the authors, Fiona Beyer from Newcastle University in the UK, to tell us what they found.

Does personalised advice via computer or mobile devices reduce heavy drinking?

Thu, 03/08/2018 - 19:05

The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group has produced several reviews of the effects of interventions intended to reduce heavy drinking. The collection was extended in September 2017 with an investigation of the use a computer to provide personalised advice. We asked one of the authors, Fiona Beyer from Newcastle University in the UK, to tell us what they found.

Side effects of opioid drugs when used to treat chronic non-cancer pain in the medium- or long-term

Thu, 03/01/2018 - 20:46

Many people suffer from chronic pain and it’s a challenging condition to treat. A group of drugs, known as opioids are widely used, but these can have harmful side effects. In a new Cochrane overview in October 2017, Sebastian Straube, from the University of Alberta in Canada, and colleagues brought together the findings from 14 Cochrane Reviews to summarise the evidence. He tells us what they found in this podcast.

The co-authors of this review were  Charl Els, Tanya D Jackson, Diane Kunyk, Vernon G Lappi, Barend Sonnenberg, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sangita Sharma, and Fariba Kolahdooz.

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