Podcasts from The Cochrane Library
In some areas of health care, we use a treatment for one condition to try to help people with something else. One example is the use of anti-malaria treatments for children with anaemia and the evidence for this was examined in a new Cochrane Review in January 2015. Anke Rohwer from the Centre for Evidence-based Health Care at Stellenbosch University in South Africa describes the rationale and the findings in this Evidence Pod.
Whether hormone therapy is, on balance, beneficial or harmful for post-menopausal women has been debated and investigated for some time. In the March 2015 update to the Cochrane Review of the effects on cardiovascular disease, Henry Boardman from the University of Oxford in the UK, and colleagues bring together the findings from 19 randomised trials. He tells us what they found in this Evidence Pod.
Obesity is widely recognised as a substantial issue for public health and Cochrane Reviews investigate a variety of interventions. In August 2014, Jill Colquitt from Effective Evidence in the UK, formally from Southampton Health Technology Assessments Centre, and colleagues updated their review of surgery, and she describes their findings in this podcast.
Many children suffer from the ear infection, acute otitis media, and a March 2015 Cochrane Review looks at the evidence on whether the influenza vaccine might prevent it. The lead author, Norhayati Mohd Noor from Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia describes their findings.
As well as looking at the potential benefits of treatments for particular illnesses, Cochrane Reviews also examine ways to reduce the problems that might be caused by those treatments. One such new review in February 2015 brings together the evidence on whether chewing gum helps the digestive system recover following surgery, and lead author Vaneesha Short from the NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Nutrition, Diet and Lifestyle in Bristol in the UK tells us more.
Protocolized versus non-protocolized weaning for reducing the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill adult patients
In the November 2014 issue of the Cochrane Library, Bronagh Blackwood from Queen's University Belfast and colleagues updated their Cochrane Review of one of the ways to manage the care of patients in intensive care units. Mike Clarke, our Podcast Editor, spoke with Bronagh about her review.
Smoking remains a substantial public health problem around the world and the search for effective ways to help people stop is ongoing. Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Tom Thompson and Rachna Begh from the Universities of Oxford and Plymouth updated the Cochrane Review of motivational interviewing in March 2015, and Nicola (left) and Rachna describe the findings, starting with Rachna.
Most people would probably benefit from increasing the amount of physical activity that they do and one way to achieve this might be reducing the amount of time we spend sitting down at work. A new Cochrane Review from January 2015 looks at interventions that might help with this and lead author, Nipun Shrestha from the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio, tells us more.
Vitiligo is a common skin disease affecting about 1% of the world's children and adults. The evidence for a wide range of treatments has been brought together in an updated Cochrane Review produced in February 2015. The review was carried out by Maxine Whitton from the Cochrane Skin Group at the University of Nottingham in the UK and colleagues. She describes the condition and their work and findings in this podcast.
Diabetic macular oedema is a common complication of diabetes, in which damage to the blood vessels at the back of the eye leads to swelling. Lasers have been used for some time to treat this but an alternative approach might be antiangiogenic therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor. In October 2014, Gianni Virgili from the University of Florence in Italy, and colleagues, updated the review of the effects of these drugs.
Age-related macular degeneration is a major course of vision problems but recent years have seen the arrival of treatments that might not only slow vision loss, but reverse it. Sharon Solomon from the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine located in Baltimore USA describes the findings from the August 2014 update of the Cochrane Review examining the effects of a class of drugs that might help, the anti-vascular endothelial growth factors.
Pregnant women with epilepsy need reliable information about the possible effects of antiepileptic drugs on their baby. Rebecca Bromley from the Institute of Human Development at the University of Manchester in the UK and others brought together the relevant research evidence in a new Cochrane Review in October 2014. She describes what they found.
Misuse of alcohol is a major public health challenge around the world. One strategy that has been tried to minimise the harm is the banning of alcohol promotion and advertising. The evidence on the effects of this has been investigated in a Cochrane Review that was published in November 2014. One of the authors, Charles Parry from the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit in the South African Medical Research Council, discusses its findings and implications.
People with cystic fibrosis are particularly susceptible to chest infections, some of which can become chronic. It’s important, therefore to try to find treatments for these infections and an updated Cochrane Review from the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group examines the evidence for the use of antibiotics. Alan Smyth, a Coordinating Editor for the Group, who is based in University of Nottingham in the UK, and one of the authors of this November 2014 review tells us more.
If you would like to find out more about the TORPEDO trial which he mentions, go to www.torpedo-cf.org.uk.
Some of the reviews from the Cochrane Anaesthesia Group look at ways to reduce the risks of surgery and one such review was published in September 2014, investigating the role of beta-blockers. Hermann Blessberger from the Linz General Hospital in Austria, describes the findings.