Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Updated: 27 min 31 sec ago

Workplace interventions for reducing sitting time at work

Fri, 05/06/2016 - 14:48

Most people would probably benefit from increasing their physical activity. One way to achieve this might be reducing the amount of time we spend sitting down at work. In January 2015, a new Cochrane Review examined the evidence on interventions that might help and this was updated with several new studies in March 2016. We asked one of the authors, Jos Verbeek from the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health to tell us about the need for the review and its latest findings.

C​linical Trials Units

Thu, 05/05/2016 - 20:11

A key part of the infrastructure for clinical trials in the UK is provided by more than 50 Clinical Trial Units spread across the country. We asked Julia Brown, Director of the Clinical Trial Units’ Network to tell us about their work and their contribution to ensuring that trials change lives.

This podcast is part of the Trials Change Lives initiative, developed by the MRC Network of Hubs for Trials Methodology Research in partnership with the Northern Ireland Network for Trials Methodology Research. Free posters are available to download methodologyhubs.mrc.ac.uk/research/trials-change-lives.

GP trials

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 18:50

General practitioners are key to both the conduct of clinical trials and the uptake of their results. Carol Sinnott a GP from Cork in Ireland tells us how they have helped her to change lives.

This podcast is part of the Trials Change Lives initiative, developed by the MRC Network of Hubs for Trials Methodology Research in partnership with the Northern Ireland Network for Trials Methodology Research. Free posters are available to download methodologyhubs.mrc.ac.uk/research/trials-change-lives.

Interventions for sexual dysfunction following treatments for cancer

Wed, 05/04/2016 - 16:09

Improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer mean that more people are living with and surviving cancer, which brings with it a need to identify interventions that can help with any long-term complications. In this Evidence Pod, Bridget Candy from Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Department at UCL in London, England describes the findings of a new Cochrane Review from February 2016 which examined the randomised trials of interventions for sexual dysfunction in women.

Clinical trials for the NHS

Tue, 05/03/2016 - 22:44

In the UK, the main public funder of healthcare research is the National Institute for Health Research, or NIHR. In this Evidence Pod for Trials Change Lives, we asked Hywel Williams, Director of the NIHR’s Health Technology Assessment programme to outline the importance of clinical trials to this programme and health and social care more generally.

This podcast is part of the Trials Change Lives initiative, developed by the MRC Network of Hubs for Trials Methodology Research in partnership with the Northern Ireland Network for Trials Methodology Research. Free posters are available to download methodologyhubs.mrc.ac.uk/research/trials-change-lives.

Vaccines for preventing herpes zoster (shingles) in older adults

Thu, 04/28/2016 - 14:26

Among the updated Cochrane Reviews in March 2016 is one from a team of researchers in Brazil looking at the effects of vaccines for Herpes Zoster. Anna Gagliardi (centre), with her co-authors Brenda Gomes Silva (left) and Maria Regina Torloni, from the Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology at the Federal University of São Paulo in Brazil describes their findings in this evidence pod.

Improving outcomes for people with multiple chronic conditions

Wed, 04/20/2016 - 18:28

Many people with chronic disease have more than one illness, which is referred to as multimorbidity. Susan Smith from the Department of General Practice at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland describes an updated, March 2016, Cochrane Review which sought out evidence on interventions that might help.

Prolonged antibiotics for purulent bronchiectasis in children and adults

Tue, 04/12/2016 - 13:42

The Cochrane Airways group has produced more than 300 full reviews, across a wide range of lung problems. One of these is bronchiectasis and an updated review from August 2015 examines the effects of long-term antibiotic therapy. Khin Hnin, from Flinders University in Adelaide Australia, summarizes the findings in this evidence pod.

Techniques for assisting difficult caesarean section

Fri, 04/08/2016 - 14:48

Caesarean section is probably one of the commonest surgical procedures and is usually fairly straightforward. However, problems can arise and an updated Cochrane Review in January 2016 looks at interventions that might help in those circumstances. Heather Waterfall, from Lyell McEwin Hospital in Elizabeth, South Australia describes the findings.

Tests for imaging the optic nerve and its fibres for diagnosing glaucoma

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 14:07

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews contains dozens of reviews of the accuracy of diagnostic tests and imaging, along with the thousands of reviews of the effects of treatments. In November 2015, these were added to by a new review of imaging devices for glaucoma and Gianni Virgili, from the University of Florence in Italy, tells us about the findings in this Evidence Pod.

Amiodarone for preventing sudden cardiac death

Wed, 03/30/2016 - 21:20

A new Cochrane Review from December 2015 examines the effects of the drug amiodarone on the prevention of sudden cardiac death. The lead author, Juan Carlos Claro, from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, in Santiago, Chile, describes the review and its findings in this Evidence Pod.

Light therapy for prevention of winter depression

Wed, 03/30/2016 - 21:02

Many people experience the “winter blues”, but some suffer from seasonal affective disorder, which has a major impact on their quality of life. Some people have turned to light therapy to try to prevent it and a team of researchers from Austria and the USA published the Cochrane Review of the evidence in November 2015. Lead author, Barbara Nussbaumer, from the Danube University Krems in Austria, tells us more.

Does legislation to ban smoking reduce exposure to secondhand smoke and smoking behaviour?

Wed, 03/30/2016 - 19:48

One of the most noticeable public health measures of recent years in several countries has been the ban on smoking in public places such as restaurants. A Cochrane Review is examining the health effects of these bans and it was updated in February 2016. We asked Kate Frazer from University College Dublin in Ireland, the first country in the world to introduce one of these national bans, to tell us about the expanding evidence base and the latest findings.

Dr Kate Frazer was awarded a Cochrane Training Fellowship and received funding from the Health Research Board, Ireland to undertake the update of this Cochrane Review.

Enhanced recovery protocols in people undergoing major surgeries of food pipe (oesophagus), stomach, liver and pancreas

Tue, 03/29/2016 - 19:52

A new Cochrane Review from February 2016, which was prepared as part of a programme of reviews funded by the National Institute for Health Research in England investigates the evidence on enhanced recovery protocols for major upper gastrointestinal surgery. Kurinchi Gurusamy, from the Department of Surgery in UCL Medical School in London tells us what they found.

Antifungal agents for preventing fungal infections in critically ill adults and children with a normal number of neutrophils in the blood

Wed, 03/23/2016 - 16:05

Invasive fungal infections are important causes of morbidity and mortality among critically ill patients, and an updated Cochrane Review in January 2016 examines the effects of antifungal agents to prevent these infections. The lead author, Andrea Cortegiani, from the University of Palermo in Italy summarises the latest evidence in this podcast.

Interventions to optimise prescribing for older people in care homes

Tue, 03/15/2016 - 19:53

Complementing a number of other Cochrane Reviews of ways to improve the prescription of medicines to people as they get older, the review focused on prescribing for people in care homes was updated in February 2016. David Alldred from the School of Heathcare at the University of Leeds in England summarises the latest evidence.

Interventions that facilitate shared decisions between primary care clinicians and patients about antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections

Mon, 03/14/2016 - 14:13

Shared decision making happens when health decisions are made together by a clinician and a patient, and there are a variety of ways to facilitate it in different circumstances. In this Evidence Pod, Tammy Hoffmann & Peter Coxeter from Bond University in Queensland Australia, tells us about the research that they and colleagues brought together in a new Cochrane Review in November 2015 for discussion about antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in primary care.

Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome

Thu, 03/10/2016 - 15:43

There are several Cochrane Reviews of the effects of exercise and the one for chronic fatigue syndrome was updated in February 2016. Jean Williams describes the review and its latest findings.

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy

Wed, 02/24/2016 - 18:55

Many pregnant women have Vitamin D deficiency, and might consider taking oral supplements to counter this. In January 2016, Cristina Palacios from the University of Puerto Rico and colleagues updated their Cochrane Review of the evidence. She tells us more in this podcast.

Corticosteroid therapy for children with nephrotic syndrome

Mon, 02/22/2016 - 21:55

Nephrotic syndrome is a chronic kidney condition of children, which is widely treated by corticosteroids. However, there is a lack of consensus on the most appropriate way to use this treatment and a Cochrane Review has been examining the relevant evidence for more than 15 years. In March 2015, Deirdre Hahn and colleagues from Sydney, Australia published the latest update of the review and she tells us what they found in this Evidence Pod.

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