Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Updated: 26 min 56 sec ago

Treatments for molluscum contagiosum, a common viral skin infection in children

Fri, 11/17/2017 - 21:55

The Cochrane Skin Group has prepared nearly 90 full reviews of the effects of interventions for a wide range of skin conditions. One of these was updated for the third time in May 2017, to present the latest evidence on the viral infection, molluscum contagiosum. The lead author, Hans van der Wouden, from the Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute in the Netherlands, describes the latest findings in this podcast.

Unconditional cash transfers for reducing poverty: effect on health services use and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Wed, 11/15/2017 - 14:23

Most Cochrane Reviews examine the effects of healthcare interventions, but some look at other aspects of healthcare systems, such as how to help people access health services. In a new review in November 2017, a team of university researchers from Canada, Germany, India, New Zealand and the United States examine the possible role for unconditional cash transfers. One of the team, Sze Yan Liu from Weill Medical College at Cornell University in the US, tells us what they found in this podcast.

Interventions for prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in in vitro fertilisation cycles: an overview of Cochrane reviews

Thu, 11/09/2017 - 21:51

Some women who have ovarian stimulation for assisted reproduction will experience an adverse effect called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, or OHSS. There are several Cochrane Reviews of strategies to prevent this and a new overview in January 2017 brings together the findings from these systematic reviews. The lead author, Selma Mourad from Radboud University Medical Centre in Nijmegen in the Netherlands summarises this large evidence base in this podcast.

The accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests for detecting typhoid and paratyphoid (enteric) fever

Mon, 10/23/2017 - 14:39

Point-of-care rapid diagnostic tests which use a small amount of blood are available for infectious diseases such as malaria and HIV, and make an important contribution to patient management. Cochrane reviews of the accuracy of such tests have influenced WHO policy and, in May 2017, they were added to with a new Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy review of rapid tests for typhoid and paratyphoid fevers. Lalith Wijedoru from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in UK tells us more in this podcast.

Psychological therapies for preventing post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents

Wed, 10/18/2017 - 13:41

Children who are exposed to trauma can experience serious mental health problems and a variety of psychological therapies have been tried to prevent these outcomes. In October 2016, Donna Gillies from the Western Sydney Local Health District in Australia and colleagues brought the evidence together in a new Cochrane Review and she tells us more in this podcast.

Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to slow down the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 20:03

Age-related macular degeneration is a progressive and sight-threatening disease affecting the central area of the retina. Two updated Cochrane Reviews from July 2017 present the evidence for the use of antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent it or slow down progression. Lead author, Jenny Evans from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the UK tells us more in this podcast.

Note: the other Cochrane Reviews this podcast refers to is
Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 19:57

Age-related macular degeneration is a progressive and sight-threatening disease affecting the central area of the retina. Two updated Cochrane Reviews from July 2017 present the evidence for the use of antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent it or slow down progression. Lead author, Jenny Evans from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in the UK tells us more in this podcast.

Note: the other Cochrane Reviews this podcast refers to is
Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements to slow down the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Different ways of giving antibiotics to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in people with cystic fibrosis

Fri, 10/06/2017 - 14:53

People with cystic fibrosis are particularly susceptible to chest infections, some of which can become chronic. It’s important, therefore to try to find treatments for these infections and an updated Cochrane Review from the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group examines the evidence for the use of antibiotics. Alan Smyth, a Coordinating Editor for the Group, based in University of Nottingham in the UK, is one of the authors of this April 2017 review update. He tells us more in this podcast.

Vitamins and minerals for subfertility in women

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 21:06

Up to one in four couples planning a baby may have difficulty conceiving. Several interventions are available that might help and Cochrane keeps many of these under review. In July 2017, the Cochrane Review of antioxidants for female subfertility was updated and we asked one of the authors, Dr Rebecca Mackenzie-Proctor from the Auckland City Hospital in New Zealand to tell us about the rationale for the review and the latest evidence.

The effect of automatically generated reminders delivered to providers on paper on quality of care and patient outcomes

Thu, 09/28/2017 - 15:39

Alongside thousands of Cochrane Reviews showing the beneficial effects of certain healthcare interventions are some that investigate how to organize and deliver this care. In July 2017, Chantal Arditi from Cochrane Switzerland in the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine in Lausanne, and others updated one of these: a review of computer-generated reminders delivered on paper. We asked her to bring us up to date in this podcast.

Early palliative care for adults with advanced cancer

Thu, 09/14/2017 - 20:19

For some patients with cancer, their illness is so advanced when it is detected that anticancer treatments might not be able to help. However, these patients might still benefit from palliative care and in a new Cochrane Review from June 2017, Markus Haun from Heidelberg University Hospital in Germany and colleagues investigated the effects of providing palliative care early after the diagnosis of advanced cancer. He tells us what they found in this podcast.

Treatment for hypertension in adults aged 18 to 59 years

Thu, 09/14/2017 - 19:58

Several drugs have been shown to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension, but it‘s important to know the size of the benefit separately for young healthy adults aged up to 59 years and for those who are 60 or more. A Cochrane Review for the older age group has been available for some time, and Vijaya Musini from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada and colleagues in the Cochrane Hypertension Group published the first Cochrane Review for the younger age group in August 2017. Here’s Vijaya to tell us more.

Blood pressure lowering efficacy of aliskiren

Thu, 09/14/2017 - 19:43

High blood pressure is a chronic condition associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. Over the last two decades, the Cochrane Hypertension Group has produced numerous reviews of ways to treat it, including one of the effects of a class of drugs called renin inhibitors. The review was updated in April 2017 and we asked the lead author, Vijaya Musini from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver Canada, to tell us about the latest findings.

Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group - Priority setting Report

Mon, 09/04/2017 - 19:00

The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group at the University of Oxford in the UK is one of the oldest groups working on Cochrane Reviews. It has produced dozens of these during the last two decades and, in 2016, it embarked on a project to identify the top priorities for future research into tobacco control. After an extensive and intensive period of information gathering and processing, the findings were published in September 2017. We asked Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Senior Researcher and Managing Editor in the Cochrane group to tell us about the global importance of what they found.

Ultrasonography versus computed tomography scan for endoleak detection after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Tue, 08/29/2017 - 17:53

An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life threatening condition and patients might need lifelong monitoring after treatment. Ultrasonogaphy is sometimes used for this and a new Cochrane Review from June 2017 looks at its accuracy. The review was done by a team from Italy and Kathy Mahan from the Cochrane Neurosciences group, also based in Italy, tells us what they found.

Feeding support in hospitalised adults at risk of undernourishment

Wed, 08/23/2017 - 19:57

Studies have shown that up to half of adult patients in hospital suffer from malnutrition, and a new Cochrane Review from May 2017 examines the evidence on the effects of nutrition support. We asked Joshua Feinberg, from the Copenhagen Trial Unit in the Rigshospitalet in Denmark, who led the team of 20 authors from Denmark and China to tell us what they found.

Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants

Tue, 08/22/2017 - 14:43

Sepsis is the commonest cause of death for new born babies worldwide. Mohan Pammi and Gautham Suresh from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston in the USA updated the Cochrane review of the evidence on the use of lactoferrin, in June 2017. Mohan describes the latest findings.

Non-invasive ventilation for people with respiratory failure due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Wed, 08/02/2017 - 20:54

The respiratory illness, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a major health burden for patients and healthcare systems, and there are several Cochrane Reviews examining the evidence for various ways to manage it. These were added to in July 2017 by the updating of a review last done in 2004 which looks at the evidence for the use of positive pressure breathing support during exacerbations. This was led by Dr. Christian Osadnik, from Monash University in Melbourne in Australia, who tells us what they found in this podcast.

Vitamin C supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 14:39

Many people take vitamin C with a view to preventing, treating or helping with various conditions and there are Cochrane Reviews of its effects in diabetes, pregnancy and for some lung conditions. In March 2017, these were added to with a review of whether vitamin C can prevent cardiovascular disease and we asked the first author, Lena Al-Khudairy from Warwick Medical School in the UK to tell us more.

The use of vibrating devices to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus

Tue, 07/18/2017 - 19:23

There are now more than 80 full Cochrane Reviews of a wide variety of interventions for people with cystic fibrosis. In May 2017, one of these was updated by Lisa Morrison and Stephanie Milroy from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Glasgow in Scotland to bring together the latest evidence on the effects of oscillating devices. Lisa tells us what they found in this podcast.

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