Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Updated: 21 min 17 sec ago

Treatment for epilepsy in pregnant women and the physical health of the child

Wed, 06/07/2017 - 08:01

Most Cochrane Reviews focus primarily on the intended effects of interventions, but some are designed to investigate the potential harms. One such review was published in November 2016 to examine the effects of anti-epileptic drugs during pregnancy. The lead author, Rebecca Bromley from the Institute of Human Development at the University of Manchester in the UK tells us more in this podcast.

Should root canal treatment be performed in one dental visit or over several visits?

Tue, 05/30/2017 - 18:53

Root canal treatment is a common procedure in dentistry, and requires one or more visits to the dentist. In an updated review in December 2016, the Cochrane authors have brought together the trials that compared different numbers of visits and we asked the lead author, Maddalena Manfredi from the University of Parma in Italy to tell us what they found.

Should root canal treatment be performed in one dental visit or over several visits?

Tue, 05/30/2017 - 12:53

Root canal treatment is a common procedure in dentistry, and requires one or more visits to the dentist. In an updated review in December 2016, the Cochrane authors have brought together the trials that compared different numbers of visits and we asked the lead author, Maddalena Manfredi from the University of Parma in Italy to tell us what they found.

Combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression and medication for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism

Thu, 05/25/2017 - 15:06

The single most common, preventable cause of in-hospital death is a hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism; making thi an important target for prevention when people are admitted to hospital. An updated Cochrane Review from September 2016 looks at the evidence for one of the possible interventions, a combination of intermittent pneumatic leg compression and drugs to prevent blood clots. Hayley Hassan from the Cochrane Central Executive Team, on behalf of the authors, tells us more.

Combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression and medication for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism

Thu, 05/25/2017 - 09:06

The single most common, preventable cause of in-hospital death is a hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism; making thi an important target for prevention when people are admitted to hospital. An updated Cochrane Review from September 2016 looks at the evidence for one of the possible interventions, a combination of intermittent pneumatic leg compression and drugs to prevent blood clots. Hayley Hassan, on behalf of the authors, tells us more.

Combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression and medication for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism

Thu, 05/25/2017 - 09:06

The single most common, preventable cause of in-hospital death is a hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism; making thi an important target for prevention when people are admitted to hospital. An updated Cochrane Review from September 2016 looks at the evidence for one of the possible interventions, a combination of intermittent pneumatic leg compression and drugs to prevent blood clots. Hayley Hassan, on behalf of the authors, tells us more.

Ataluren and similar compounds (specific therapies for premature termination codon class I mutations) for cystic fibrosis

Tue, 05/23/2017 - 20:02

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition, associated with mutation of a specific gene involved in the movement of salt across cells. One of the proposed treatments that targets a particular type of this mutation is a drug called Ataluren, which was the subject of a new Cochrane Review in January 2017. One of the authors, Kevin Southern from the Department of Women's and Children's Health at the University of Liverpool in the UK, describes the available evidence in this podcast.

Using a structured questionnaire (the IQCODE) to detect individuals who may go on to develop dementia

Tue, 05/23/2017 - 18:41

As the problem of dementia grows, so does the need to diagnose it early. Cochrane Reviews have examined various tests for doing so and a new Cochrane Review in November 2016 looks at one, called IQCODE. We asked lead author, Terry Quinn from the University of Glasgow in the UK to tell us more.

Ataluren and similar compounds (specific therapies for premature termination codon class I mutations) for cystic fibrosis

Tue, 05/23/2017 - 14:02

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition, associated with mutation of a specific gene involved in the movement of salt across cells. One of the proposed treatments that targets a particular type of this mutation is a drug called Ataluren, which was the subject of a new Cochrane Review in January 2017. One of the authors, Kevin Southern from the Department of Women's and Children's Health at the University of Liverpool in the UK, describes the available evidence in this podcast.

Using a structured questionnaire (the IQCODE) to detect individuals who may go on to develop dementia

Tue, 05/23/2017 - 12:41

As the problem of dementia grows, so does the need to diagnose it early. Cochrane Reviews have examined various tests for doing so and a new Cochrane Review in November 2016 looks at one, called IQCODE. We asked lead author, Terry Quinn from the University of Glasgow in the UK to tell us more.

Medical interventions to prevent graft rejection after liver transplantation

Mon, 05/22/2017 - 19:13

Liver transplantation is the main treatment option for people with severe, advanced liver disease, but it’s a challenging procedure that can lead to serious complications. The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group has produced several reviews to look at the evidence to help overcome these, and a new review from March 2017 examines immunosuppressive therapy to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted liver. We asked the lead author, Kurinchi Gurusamy from the UCL Medical School in London in the UK to tell us what they found.

Medical interventions to prevent graft rejection after liver transplantation

Mon, 05/22/2017 - 13:13

Liver transplantation is the main treatment option for people with severe, advanced liver disease, but it’s a challenging procedure that can lead to serious complications. The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group has produced several reviews to look at the evidence to help overcome these, and a new review from March 2017 examines immunosuppressive therapy to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted liver. We asked the lead author, Kurinchi Gurusamy from the UCL Medical School in London in the UK to tell us what they found.

What are parents' and informal caregivers' views and experiences of communication about routine early childhood vaccination?

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 19:01

Most Cochrane Reviews examine quantitative evidence on the effects of health or social care, but some review qualitative research to try to get a better understanding of and why and how interventions do or don’t work. In a new review from February 2017, Heather Ames, from the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in Oslo, and colleagues have done this to explore how parents experience communication about vaccination for children. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

What are parents' and informal caregivers' views and experiences of communication about routine early childhood vaccination?

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 13:01

Most Cochrane Reviews examine quantitative evidence on the effects of health or social care, but some review qualitative research to try to get a better understanding of and why and how interventions do or don’t work. In a new review from February 2017, Heather Ames, from the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in Oslo, and colleagues have done this to explore how parents experience communication about vaccination for children. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

Does breastfeeding reduce vaccination pain in babies aged 1 to 12 months?

Thu, 05/04/2017 - 14:39

In their first year of life, babies are likely to receive many vaccinations, which are vital for public health. However, the experience can be painful and distressing for the babies and their parents. In a new Cochrane Review from October 2016, Denise Harrison from the University of Ottawa in Canada and colleagues examined the research into whether breastfeeding might reduce this pain. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants

Thu, 05/04/2017 - 13:49

A Cochrane Review that might be applicable to hundreds of thousands of human beings every day looks at the effects of early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn babies. This was updated in November 2016 and lead author, Elizabeth Moore from the School of Nursing at Vanderbilt University in Nashville USA describes the latest findings.

Does breastfeeding reduce vaccination pain in babies aged 1 to 12 months?

Thu, 05/04/2017 - 08:39

In their first year of life, babies are likely to receive many vaccinations, which are vital for public health. However, the experience can be painful and distressing for the babies and their parents. In a new Cochrane Review from October 2016, Denise Harrison from the University of Ottawa in Canada and colleagues examined the research into whether breastfeeding might reduce this pain. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants

Thu, 05/04/2017 - 07:49

A Cochrane Review that might be applicable to hundreds of thousands of human beings every day looks at the effects of early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn babies. This was updated in November 2016 and lead author, Elizabeth Moore from the School of Nursing at Vanderbilt University in Nashville USA describes the latest findings.

Drug treatments for constipation caused by antipsychotic medications

Tue, 05/02/2017 - 19:16

Antipsychotic medicines are widely used in mental health settings and there are several Cochrane Reviews of their potential benefits and harms. One of the adverse effects is constipation and a new Cochrane Review from January 2017 looks at some of the treatments for this. We asked the lead author, Susanna Every-Palmer from the Wellington School of Medicine in the University of Otago in New Zealand to tell us what they found.

Clinical effects of cardiovascular risk scores in people without cardiovascular disease

Tue, 05/02/2017 - 16:21

The Cochrane Library contains several reviews of interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease such as medications, diet and exercise. A precursor to trying these might be to assess a person’s risk and a new review in March 2017 looks at the evidence for using risk scores to do this. Lead author, Kunal Karmali from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago USA, tells us more in this podcast.

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