Podcasts from The Cochrane Library

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Vitamin C supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease

Fri, 07/28/2017 - 08:39

Many people take vitamin C with a view to preventing, treating or helping with various conditions and there are Cochrane Reviews of its effects in diabetes, pregnancy and for some lung conditions. In March 2017, these were added to with a review of whether vitamin C can prevent cardiovascular disease and we asked the first author, Lena Al-Khudairy from Warwick Medical School in the UK to tell us more.

The use of vibrating devices to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus

Tue, 07/18/2017 - 19:23

There are now more than 80 full Cochrane Reviews of a wide variety of interventions for people with cystic fibrosis. In May 2017, one of these was updated by Lisa Morrison and Stephanie Milroy from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Glasgow in Scotland to bring together the latest evidence on the effects of oscillating devices. Lisa tells us what they found in this podcast.

The use of vibrating devices to help people with cystic fibrosis clear their airways of mucus

Tue, 07/18/2017 - 13:23

There are now more than 80  Cochrane Reviews of a wide variety of interventions for people with cystic fibrosis. In May 2017, one of these was updated by Lisa Morrison and Stephanie Milroy from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Glasgow in Scotland to bring together the latest evidence on the effects of oscillating devices. Lisa tells us what they found in this podcast.

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs for diabetic macular oedema

Wed, 07/12/2017 - 17:53

Diabetic macular oedema is a common complication of diabetes, in which damage to the blood vessels at the back of the eye leads to swelling. Lucentis, Eylea and Avastin are three antiangiogenic drugs that can be injected into the eye to treat the blood vessels and reduce the swelling. In June 2017, Gianni Virgili from the University of Florence in Italy, and colleagues, updated their Cochrane review of these drugs and used a network meta-analysis to compare their effects.

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs for diabetic macular oedema

Wed, 07/12/2017 - 11:53

Diabetic macular oedema is a common complication of diabetes, in which damage to the blood vessels at the back of the eye leads to swelling. Lucentis, Eylea and Avastin are three antiangiogenic drugs that can be injected into the eye to treat the blood vessels and reduce the swelling. In June 2017, Gianni Virgili from the University of Florence in Italy, and colleagues, updated their Cochrane Review of these drugs and used a network meta-analysis to compare their effects.

Strategies to help people with asthma take their steroid inhaler as prescribed

Tue, 07/11/2017 - 15:36

Alongside the several existing Cochrane Reviews of steroids for adults and children with asthma, in April 2017 the Cochrane Airways Group added a new review of interventions to improve adherence to these drugs. We asked Rebecca Normansell (left) and Liz Stovold, both authors on the review and members of staff with Cochrane Airways, to tell us more in this podcast, starting with Rebecca.

Hydroxyurea (also known as hydroxycarbamide) for people with sickle cell disease

Tue, 07/11/2017 - 15:19

Several Cochrane Reviews examine the effects of treatments for sickle cell disease, which can cause a huge burden for patients and their families. In a new addition to these in April 2017, Jo Howard from Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals in London in the UK and colleagues focused on the drug hydroxyurea, which is also known as hydroxycarbamide. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

Strategies to help people with asthma take their steroid inhaler as prescribed

Tue, 07/11/2017 - 09:36

Alongside the several existing Cochrane Reviews of steroids for adults and children with asthma, in April 2017 the Cochrane Airways Group added a new review of interventions to improve adherence to these drugs. We asked Rebecca Normansell (left) and Liz Stovold, both authors on the review and members of staff with Cochrane Airways, to tell us more in this podcast, starting with Rebecca.

Hydroxyurea (also known as hydroxycarbamide) for people with sickle cell disease

Tue, 07/11/2017 - 09:19

Several Cochrane Reviews examine the effects of treatments for sickle cell disease, which can cause a huge burden for patients and their families. In a new addition to these in April 2017, Jo Howard from Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals in London in the UK and colleagues focused on the drug hydroxyurea, which is also known as hydroxycarbamide. She tells us what they found in this podcast.

Interventions to improve people's drug-taking behaviour with lipid-lowering drugs

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:54

Statins are very widely prescribed to lower cholesterol and it’s important to know the best ways to help patients to take them. In an updated Cochrane Review from December 2016, Mieke van Driel from the University of Queensland in Australia examines the evidence, and she tells us more in this podcast.

Interventions to improve people's drug-taking behaviour with lipid-lowering drugs

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:54

Statins are very widely prescribed to lower cholesterol and it’s important to know the best ways to help patients to take them. In an updated Cochrane Review from December 2016, Mieke van Driel from the University of Queensland in Australia examines the evidence, and she tells us more in this podcast.

Are there ways in which workplace bullying can be prevented?

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:21

The Cochrane Work Group prepares reviews of a wide variety of topics related to ways in which workers’ health and safety, and wellbeing could be improved. These were added to in January 2017 with a review of interventions intended to prevent bullying in the workplace. The lead author, Patricia Gillen from Ulster University in Northern Ireland tells us what they found in this podcast.

Are there ways in which workplace bullying can be prevented?

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:21

The Cochrane Work Group prepares reviews of a wide variety of topics related to ways in which workers’ health and safety, and wellbeing could be improved. These were added to in January 2017 with a review of interventions intended to prevent bullying in the workplace. The lead author, Patricia Gillen from Ulster University in Northern Ireland tells us what they found in this podcast.

Is stretch effective for treating and preventing joint deformities?

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 08:59

A range of injuries and disabilities can lead to stiffening in the soft tissues or muscles of the patient’s limbs, causing problems with movement, called contractures. One of the widely used treatments is stretch, but does it work? Lisa Harvey from the University of Sydney in Australia and colleagues tried to find out in an updated Cochrane Review in January 2017, and she tells us more in this podcast.

Is stretch effective for treating and preventing joint deformities?

Wed, 06/21/2017 - 08:59

A range of injuries and disabilities can lead to stiffening in the soft tissues or muscles of the patient’s limbs, causing problems with movement, called contractures. One of the widely used treatments is stretch, but does it work? Lisa Harvey from the University of Sydney in Australia and colleagues tried to find out in an updated Cochrane Review in January 2017, and she tells us more in this podcast.

Music interventions for acquired brain injury

Wed, 06/14/2017 - 19:31

Cochrane Stroke is one of the oldest Cochrane groups and has produced nearly 200 reviews of various interventions for stroke and other types of brain injury. An update to one of these, in January 2017, examines the evidence on music interventions and lead author Wendy Magee from the Boyer College of Music and Dance at Temple University in Philadelphia, USA,  tells us more in this podcast.

Music interventions for acquired brain injury

Wed, 06/14/2017 - 13:31

Cochrane Stroke is one of the oldest Cochrane groups and has produced nearly 200 reviews of various interventions for stroke and other types of brain injury. An update to one of these, in January 2017, examines the evidence on music interventions and lead author Wendy Magee from the Boyer College of Music and Dance at Temple University in Philadelphia, USA,  tells us more in this podcast.

Fixed daily dose of a low molecular weight heparin compared with an adjusted dose of unfractionated heparin for treating blood clots in the deep veins

Wed, 06/07/2017 - 14:21

Venous thromboembolism is a common and potentially life-threatening condition in which a clot forms in the veins of the leg or pelvis or moves up to the lungs where it blocks a blood vessel. Heparin is one of the treatments and an updated Cochrane Review from February 2017 examines the evidence of its effects. Lindsay Robertson from the Freeman Hospital in Newcastle upon Tyne in the UK tells us about these latest findings.

Treatment for epilepsy in pregnant women and the physical health of the child

Wed, 06/07/2017 - 14:01

Most Cochrane Reviews focus primarily on the intended effects of interventions, but some are designed to investigate the potential harms. One such review was published in November 2016 to examine the effects of anti-epileptic drugs during pregnancy. The lead author, Rebecca Bromley from the Institute of Human Development at the University of Manchester in the UK tells us more in this podcast.

Fixed daily dose of a low molecular weight heparin compared with an adjusted dose of unfractionated heparin for treating blood clots in the deep veins

Wed, 06/07/2017 - 08:21

Venous thromboembolism is a common and potentially life-threatening condition in which a clot forms in the veins of the leg or pelvis or moves up to the lungs where it blocks a blood vessel. Heparin is one of the treatments and an updated Cochrane Review from February 2017 examines the evidence of its effects. Lindsay Robertson from the Freeman Hospital in Newcastle upon Tyne in the UK tells us about these latest findings.

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